Category Archives: Akko

Napoleon and AKKO

Napoleon Bonaparte

Napoleon Bonaparte

In 1799 Napoleon Bonaparte tried to conquer other territories in the Middle East during the period of his Egyptian campaign.

After El-Arish, Jaffa and Mount Tabor he tried to conquer the city of Akko.

He set up his headquarter with 13000 soldiers on the hill outside the walls which is called upto this day the ” Napoleon Hill ”.

The Pasha El-Jezzar called the “Butcher”, a not so friendly man, knew of the intention of this general Napoleon, therefore with the help of of Antoine Picard of Phelippeaux, a French royalist engineer, built a second wall to protect his city.

This man knew Bonaparte from the Royal Military School of Paris where they studied together and dislike him.

Also the English Fleet under the command of Admiral Smith , the eternal enemy of General Bonaparte, came to the rescue of the Pasha, who felt strong enough to face this terrible threat.

Bonaparte was counting on the big guns which were to arrive by sea to succeed in this battle, but the English Fleet intercepted the French one and captured it.

Many French soldiers lost their lives against the heavy attacks of the Ottomans because the simple field guns that Bonaparte had could only make minor damage to the walls.

Despite this, the Napoleonic troops led by General Kleber, repeatedly pierced the walls, to take control of part of the city. However, each time they were pushed back by the defenders of the city.

An army of 35,000 men from Damascus came to the Pasha rescue and setback the French troops by surpise.

After two months of siege, Bonaparte renounced taking the city. The plague raged in his troops, some sick soldiers could no longer follow and were executed on the spot. Bonaparte went back to Egypt, where his departure had only weakened his troops left behind.

It is said that the Pasha El-Jezzar wanted to eliminate Christians living in the city as revenge, but  Admiral Smith threatened him to bomb Akko if this should happen and prevented the massacre …

 

The coronation of napoleon

The coronation of napoleon

The Unesco World Heritage

 

Massada fortress

Massada fortress         

        SITES IN ISRAEL

On the list of UNESCO World                        Heritage

 

The Heritage is our legacy from the past and what we leave today for the future generations.                                           

Akko

Akko

 

Our cultural and natural heritage are both
irreplaceable sources of life and inspiration.

Places as unique and diverse as the wilds of the Serengeti National Park in East Africa, the Pyramids of Egypt, the Great Barrier Reef in Australia and the Baroque cathedrals of Latin America make up our world’s heritage.

 

 

What makes the concept unique world heritage is its universal application. The World Heritage sites belong to all peoples of the world, regardless of the territory where they are located.

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) encourages the identification, protection and preservation of cultural and natural heritage around the world considered to be of outstanding value to humanity.

Pagoda Tel-aviv International Style

Pagoda Tel Aviv International Style

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Locations of sites in Israel inscribed on the UNESCO list of World Heritage

– Masada (2001)
– The Old City of Acre (2001)
– White City – the Modern        Movement (2003)
– Incense Route -Cities of the Negev   Desert (2005) Such biblical
– Meggido, Hazor – Beer – Sheva (2005) – Baha’i Holy Places in Haifa and
  Western Galilee (2008)

International style tel aviv

International style tel aviv

 

– the caves of Nahal Me’arot / Wadi              el-Mughara (2012)
– The caves of Maresha and Bet Guvrin
  low Judea a microcosm of the country        caves (2014)
– Sites of Human Evolution at Mount Carmel:– Tel Aviv – “creative” city (2014)
Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls (1982) –   at the request of Jordan

Israel became a member of the Conventio of UNESCO Cultural Heritage in 1999