Category Archives: international style

Architect Oskar Kaufmann and the International style

I am living in one of Architect Oskar Kaufmann’s building in Yael street – Tel-aviv (a state of the art building).

An Hungarian Jewish architect, a fine pianist who loved art, he was one of the path maker of Tel-Aviv and Haifa International Style and Modern Urban planning of those cities.

He also buit several theaters in Europe and the ”Habimah” National Theater in Tel-aviv.

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The Unesco World Heritage

 

Massada fortress

Massada fortress         

        SITES IN ISRAEL

On the list of UNESCO World                        Heritage

 

The Heritage is our legacy from the past and what we leave today for the future generations.                                           

Akko

Akko

 

Our cultural and natural heritage are both
irreplaceable sources of life and inspiration.

Places as unique and diverse as the wilds of the Serengeti National Park in East Africa, the Pyramids of Egypt, the Great Barrier Reef in Australia and the Baroque cathedrals of Latin America make up our world’s heritage.

 

 

What makes the concept unique world heritage is its universal application. The World Heritage sites belong to all peoples of the world, regardless of the territory where they are located.

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) encourages the identification, protection and preservation of cultural and natural heritage around the world considered to be of outstanding value to humanity.

Pagoda Tel-aviv International Style

Pagoda Tel Aviv International Style

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Locations of sites in Israel inscribed on the UNESCO list of World Heritage

– Masada (2001)
– The Old City of Acre (2001)
– White City – the Modern        Movement (2003)
– Incense Route -Cities of the Negev   Desert (2005) Such biblical
– Meggido, Hazor – Beer – Sheva (2005) – Baha’i Holy Places in Haifa and
  Western Galilee (2008)

International style tel aviv

International style tel aviv

 

– the caves of Nahal Me’arot / Wadi              el-Mughara (2012)
– The caves of Maresha and Bet Guvrin
  low Judea a microcosm of the country        caves (2014)
– Sites of Human Evolution at Mount Carmel:– Tel Aviv – “creative” city (2014)
Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls (1982) –   at the request of Jordan

Israel became a member of the Conventio of UNESCO Cultural Heritage in 1999

The French Ambassador Residence in Jaffa

           

 

The French Résidence at Jaffa

The French Résidence at Jaffa

The Residence of the Ambassador of France is located in the Jaffa neighborhood of Ajami. It is a beautiful Bauhaus building in Modern style, overlooking the Mediterranean Sea.

This villa was designed and built in the years 1936-1938 by an architect named Yitzhak Rapoport. In 1949, the house was sold to the French Republic by the architect, who then transferred the amount of money he received to Ahmed Rahim, its owner who was living in Beirut.

Muhammed al-Rahim (Abu Hassan), an Arab notable from Jaffa, attended the Rotary Club where he met Jews, Arabs and Britishs. He became friendly with Yitzhak Rapoport, a well known and respected Jewish architect born in Ukraine, who built the French and the Dajani Hospitals in Jaffa. Y. Rapoport specialized in Modern International Style and Ahmed Rahim asked him to build a house for him in the neighborhood of Ajami.

The house of Ahmed Rahim would be built according to modernist criteria features, yet it would retain the ideology of a traditional Muslim family home in which public and private spaces were separated, as were rooms for women and men.

During the British Mandate in the 1920’s and 30’s, there was tension between Jews and Arab and pogroms were a constant threat. Despite that, the friendship of these two men would remain intact.

Times were very difficult for the architect. In order to oversee the building in construction, he had to wear a traditional Arab dress which allowed him to pass the lines separating the two communities and then he was taken to the site by car.

The two had a secret, however. Ahmed Rahim was the treasurer of the Arab Organization responsible for perpetrating attacks against Jews and Rapoport was a member of the secret service, the Haganah.

When the 1948 war broke out and the Arabs were defeated, Ahmed Rahim was a signatory to the surrender of Jaffa and decided to leave to Lebanon.  He entrusted the keys and title to his house only to Rapoport, in whom he had great confidence and considered him a true friend, who would defend its interests.

The building was purchased by the French Government in 1949 for 20,000 Pounds Sterling and became the private Residence of the Ambassador.

Oded Rapoport, son of Yitzhak, has himself become an architect. He said that every new tenant of the house wanted to carry out some changes and improvement in the villa.

Oded Rapoport was asked in the 80’s by a wealthy Palestinian from Gaza to build his villa. The first Intifada made it difficult for the architect who could not get to the construction site. Like his father, means were put in place and an ambulance of the Red Cross discretely drove him to the building site .

 

                      The Residence offers annual Operation ‘Open house’ ‘to the public.

The west corner of the résidence

The west corner of the résidence